Are you struggling with pronouncing R? Well, not after doing these exercises every day for a month I often have students who find it really hard to roll their R’s at the front of their mouth, especially when the R comes before a vowel. Here are two tips to help you get better…
Innovation is the way forward! The world is changing, technology and science are advancing – and so is Lingu! We are very happy that so many of you took the opportunity to guide us in creating the most optimal way of learning a language! All your great and very thorough answers have been registered, gone…
The confusion of languages! A research conducted in Lingu Stavanger AS, by Agnes W. Hoftun So what on earth is the difference between bokmål, nynorsk and the Norwegian dialects? About the project First of all, I want to thank my interviewees for taking the time to participate in my project. In October…
So in our last blog post we went through the correct use of adjectives in the indefinite form in Norwegian. You know, phrases like, en fin bil (a nice car) et fint eple (a nice apple). This time we will look at adjectives in the definite form. Like how to correctly talk or write about…
Hva skal du i helga? Learn to talk about your plans for the weekend the right away. We love talking about the weekend. Already on Thursday the question comes up and on Monday you colleagues will ask you what you did. So here are some useful phrases: I helga skal jeg…. (This weekend I…
We know that it takes effort to learn a new language, but we also know that there are many easy tricks that can help you improve your language significantly. We would like to share some of them with our blog readers. Below you’ll find 7 easy tricks to learn a better Norwegian pronunciation. G is…
I’ve been teaching Norwegian for 5 years now and I never get tired of teaching students to use adjectives correctly. It’s a known fact that native speakers use more adjectives than non-native speakers. So if you want to speak like a native and be able to express precisely what you mean, pay attention. The reason…
Lingu launches an all new online course ’50 hours social studies’. During the course you will learn about Norwegian society, culture, politics, education, labour market and much more. The course combines video lessons, interactive exercises and instructor-led virtual classroom discussions. The course will be lead in English, and all participants must understand and speak English…
We are proud to announce an exciting new feature in our online course. After receiving several requests for more conversation practice from our students, we are now making a significant change to our online program. In stead of individual follow-up with a teacher through correction of exercises and sometimes follow-up conversations, we are now inviting…
If you ever wondered how to strike up a conversation with a Norwegian, then here are some useful tips for that. 1. Talk about the weather Norwegians talk quite a lot about the weather. The weather in Norway (and particularly in the west) changes often, within the same day and from one day to the…
Outside the borders of Norway, Norwegians are known for being a bit timid and shy. However, when you first get to know a Norwegian he or she will open up and stay your friend for life. Or so the saying goes. A typical Norwegian is a person of few words, and as a consequence, polite…
If you want to learn the Norwegian language, you have come to the right place. Our mission is to prepare expats, professionals and overseas students for working and living successfully and comfortably in Norway. To reach this objective, we use a blended learning approach that is designed to get you speaking in no time at all. The courses combine small groups and the best e-learning solutions, and our instructors will immerse you in language and encourage you to improve your language skills. Learning Norwegian has never been easier and more effective.
Here are a few things you get at Lingu:
- Small groups with lots of cultural activities
- Choose between morning, daytime or evening classes.
- Convenient schedules and course locations
- Professional teachers
- Blended learning approach where we combine traditional classroom training with online learning.
- Conversation courses and events
Private lessons with a tailored course plan
Would you like to have a tailored course with flexible schedules? Then book a private course for a much more personalised service. Our experienced instructors can create a course from speaking and listening to reading and writing or anything in between.
Norwegian courses for companies
Are you looking for Norwegian training for your company? We cater to businesses and provide on-site training with professional educators.
Lingu has a perfect location, the study rooms are clean and tidy and the teacher I have had is very patient, always positive & smiling. She takes the time to explain grammar or expressions and clarify texts, further we read, do listenings, exercises and talking. It’s a great combination of all you need!
– Anna (Slovakia)
I would gladly recommend Lingu to anyone wanting to learn the Norwegian language. The teachers are wonderful, material good, class size perfect, premises great.
Inge (South Africa)
The course is for those who can catch up fast and digest quite big amount of information in a short span of time. But the beauty of it is that you master the language for professional aims very quickly.
– Malika (Turkmenistan)
The teacher involved us more in conversation and she was very supportive. I really enjoyed the course and will recommend it to my friends too!
I came to the course with little knowledge of the Norwegian language and through Lingu’s classes, web lessons and instructor aid and feedback I have learnt a wealth of information in the Norwegian language. I highly recommend Lingu.
This is the place where you gonna really learn the language. Everyone in the room wants to see progress and assimilate the knowledge you need.
– Sylwia (Poland)
Learn a new language
Join one of our language courses and expand your horizons. You can participate in a group or have a tailored one-to-one course.
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Are you looking for someone to translate a text for you? Look no further. We offer a fast, reliable and affordable translation service for companies.
Communication skills training
With support from Vox – the agency for lifelong learning, we offer communication training services for work force with lower education.
Innovation is the way forward! The world is changing, technology and science are advancing – and so is Lingu!
We are very happy that so many of you took the opportunity to guide us in creating the most optimal way of learning a language! All your great and very thorough answers have been registered, gone over repeatedly, and are now puzzled together to form the foundation of a Game Changing, Tailor-Made & Flexible Language Course!
Over the next six months, we here at Lingu will develop a course that fulfills all your requirements for learning a language – today, and tomorrow! And as promised a selected few will be given the opportunity to test the product for free when we are ready to launch it. We will contact you all by email very shortly about this.
We are also thrilled to announce the winner of a 5000 kroner travel voucher for participating in the survey – Ephraim Vincent Florencio! Here is his story:
Ephraim came from the Philippines to Norway in July 2015, shortly after meeting his wife. She was already settled in Norway and was visiting her relatives in the Philippines. They fell in love, got married a while later, and Ephraim followed her to Norway.
Here in Norway he works as a cleaner, but originally he was a sailor. So understandably his main goal is to work as a sailor in Norway too. However, when trying to apply for such a job, he was told to enhance his Norwegian language skills before they could employ him. Therefore his aim is to pass the B1 level and the official Norwegian test, so that he gets the chance to work with what he loves – sailing!
Ephraim is attending online courses to learn Norwegian as quickly as possible and he tries to actively practice Norwegian as much as he can with friends and family. He tells us that he wishes could have attended regular classes in Stavanger where he lives, but his work schedule varies so much that it prevents him from attending classes on a regular basis. Online self-study requires more discipline and focus than attending classes. But it is great fun too, as he gets the chance to communicate with other students and the teacher in the virtual classes that comes with the course he’s doing now.
Because of all of this, Ephraim was very excited to be a part of creating a new product with Lingu, which will allow him a quality course with more guidance and full flexibility in regards combining studies with his everyday life. He says:
I really want to be able communicate with Norwegian people better than today, and I want to land my dream job. I think that education in the future should focus on flexibility due to our very busy lifestyles and that a combination of classroom tutoring with online resources such as lectures and video lessons are the way to go.
When asked about the travel voucher he just won he said:
I cannot believe I won, and I don’t think I know for sure that it was real before I met you today. I am so happy to know it is for real!
Since we wouldn’t believe our good fortune we didn’t want to make any fixed plans before me coming here to meet you today, but my wife has many wishes! She would love to visit Rome, Paris or Amsterdam, or we might use it for our travel to visit our relatives in the Philippines next year!”
We wish Ephraim and his wife: Bon Voyage! Safe Travel! God Tur!
The confusion of languages!
A research conducted in Lingu Stavanger AS, by Agnes W. Hoftun
So what on earth is the difference between bokmål, nynorsk and the Norwegian dialects?
About the project
First of all, I want to thank my interviewees for taking the time to participate in my project. In October and November I was working on a sociolinguistics project as a part of my master studies in literacy. I interviewed seven randomly chosen students at Lingu in order to find out how much you know about the Norwegian languages and what you think of the situation.
It seems like there is a lot of confusion about the official languages in Norway. Most of you have heard of bokmål, nynorsk and the dialects but many of you don’t know what bokmål and nynorsk are or how they are related to the dialects. Below I will briefly explain it for you.
Norsk, bokmål eller nynorsk?
The official languages in Norway are Norwegian and Sami. Bokmål and nynorsk are two written standards of Norwegian. As many of you already know, most of the population write bokmål. Around 13% choose nynorsk in their writing. These two written standards are equal when it comes to public services. At school children learn one standard as main (hovedmål) and the other one as secondary language form (sidemål).
There have been many discussions and many people have strong opinions about whether we should keep two written standards or not, not only at school but in general. At the university level you can often choose freely unless you study Norwegian language like me. Then you have to be able to write both standards well. I myself write nynorsk when I am free to choose.
We can say that bokmål is a norwegianized Danish. Nynorsk is based on the dialects. One of the interviewees said that nynorsk is «a mix of all the dialects» and indeed we can say it is. We can also say that bokmål and nynorsk are similar. Many words are the same, some words are slightly different, while other look completely different. There are also some differences when it comes to grammar and sentence structure. Compare the examples:
English: I — bokmål: jeg — nynorsk: eg
English: we — bokmål: vi — nynorsk: vi or me
English: not — bokmål: ikke — nynorsk: ikkje
Here at Lingu, like in most language schools, the written standard that we teach is bokmål.
So what about spoken Norwegian?
I am sure you have noticed that we have dialects. MANY dialects. And this fact itself is of course not unusual as compared to many other countries. But what is unique here, is that you can speak your dialect in practically every situation. Some dialects are similar to bokmål and some to nynorsk. Even though you can hear people saying: «She speaks bokmål.», they often mean an Eastern Norwegian dialect.
The most important fact is that we don’t have a spoken standard like for example standard American English or standard British English. Of course there is spoken bokmål and spoken nynorsk, but mainly in contexts like news broadcasts when a news presenter reads the news.
I hope you are feeling more confident when it comes to the basics about the language you are learning. And remember: Every new month is another chance to continue learning Norwegian! Looking forward to seeing you in class!
Agnes W. Hoftun
Agnes is an enthusiastic and experienced Norwegian teacher. In addition to working at Lingu, she is a master’s degree student in Literacy at Stavanger University where she also works as a teaching assistant for bachelor’s degree students. Agnes has earned a bachelor’s degree in Nordic languages and literature with English as a minor subject from Stavanger University and she has taken academic courses in adult language acquisition at Stavanger and Bergen University.
So in our last blog post we went through the correct use of adjectives in the indefinite form in Norwegian.
You know, phrases like, en fin bil (a nice car) et fint eple (a nice apple). This time we will look at adjectives in the definite form. Like how to correctly talk or write about the great summer weather in Oslo (you might not think the weather is so great but at least you will after reading this post about learning to say it correctly).
Adjectives in the definite form – The main pattern
So let’s start with the main rule or main pattern – it is quite simple and goes like this:
In the definite form, adjectives which come in front of a noun get an “e”.
So if the adjective is “fin” it becomes “fine” regardless of which gender the noun is.
So the word “epler” meaning apples is a neatrual noun in Norwegian, while the noun “bil” is a masculine noun and the adjective has the same form in front of them both:
Fine bilen (the nice car)
Fine eplet (the nice apple)
Even if the noun is in plural the adjective stays the same in definite:
Easy? Yes it is, but wait there is one more thing.
The definite article of the adjective
So in Norwegian, the adjective has its own article in the definite form. If the noun in front of the adjective is masculine or feminine the adjective gets the article den in front of it while the adjective in front of a neutral noun gets the article det. Adjectives which come in front of a noun in the definite form plural gets the article de.
So it looks like this:
|Masculine/feminine definite||Neutral definite||Plural definite|
|Den fine bilen||Det fine eplet||De fine bilene|
|Den fine stolen (chair)||Det fine bordet (table)||De bordene (tables)|
|Den fine stuen/stua(living room)||Det fine soverommet (bedroom)||De fine soverommene (bedrooms)|
Adjectives in the definite form – Exceptions
Yes, there are exceptions, there always are. However, keep calm because they are easy to learn and there aren’t too many.
So the main exceptions are:
Some adjectives don’t get an ‘e’ in the definite form (there aren’t many)
Blå, grå, rosa
|Masculine/feminine definite||Neutral definite||Plural definite|
|Den blå bilen (The blue car)||Det blå huset (The blue house)||De blå bilene (The blue cars)|
|Den rosa stolen (The pink chair)||Det rosa bordet (The pink table)||De rosa bordene (The pink tables)|
|Den grå stuen/stua (The grey living room)||Det grå soverommet (The grey bedroom)||De grå soverommene (The grey bedrooms)|
Some adjectives always stay the same no matter the form of the noun.
Here are some of the most used ones:
Adjectives ending with er, el and en in the definite form.
The last letter changes place with adjectives that end with er, el, en and e.
voksen (grown up)
|Masculine/feminine definite||Neutral definite||Plural definite|
|Den slitne mannen (The tired man)||Det slitne barnet (The tired child)||De slitene mennene (The tired men)|
|Den voksne damen/dama (The grownup woman)||Det voksne mennesket (The grownup human)||De voksne meneskene (The grownups (humans))|
|Den vakre hagen (The beautiful garden)||Det vakre huset (The beautiful house)||De vakre husene(The beautiful houses)|
|Den gamle kommoden (The old dresser)||Det gamle skapet (The old closet)||De gamle skapene (The old closets)|
|Den spinkle gutten (The thin/gangly boy)||Det spinkle barnet(The thin/gangly child)||De spinkle guttene(The thin/gangly boys)|
Notice that the adjectives ending with er, en or el where a double consonant comes before the ‘e’, one consonant is dropped and last letters switch places. This is because we try to avoid three consonants in a row in Norwegian if it is possible.
So how do you say “the great summer weather in Oslo”?
Here is some help – summer weather is written and pronounced as one word in Norwegian and the compound noun ‘summer weather’ is a neutral noun.
Still not sure?
– Scroll down for the correct answer:
– Det fine sommerværet i Oslo
- Hva skal du i helga?
- There is always something to say about the weather
Learn to talk about your plans for the weekend the right away. We love talking about the weekend. Already on Thursday the question comes up and on Monday you colleagues will ask you what you did. So here are some useful phrases:
I helga skal jeg…. (This weekend I am going to…)
I helga var jeg … (Last weekend I…)
Det var kjempegøy (It was really fun)
Jeg bare slappet av (I just relaxed)
Also you when you ask some one what they will do or did this weekend (Hva skal du i helga? / Hva gjorde du i helga?) or did you have a nice weekend (Har du hatt en fin helg?) you can use phrases like:
Det høres ut som en god helg (That sounds like a good weekend)
Det hørtes ut som en god helg (That sounded like a good weekend)
Å så deilig (Oh how nice)
Å så koselig (Oh how cozy)
For et vær! (What nice weather however it could also mean that the weather is bad – you’re just saying that it is exceptional)
Å så deilig vær (Oh what nice weather)
Uff, så grått det er ute (oh, what a grey and dreary day)
I dag er det surt (Today it is “sour” – meaning that it could be cold and windy and just generally uninspiring)
Nå bøtter det ned (Now it’s pouring rain)
We know that it takes effort to learn a new language, but we also know that there are many easy tricks that can help you improve your language significantly. We would like to share some of them with our blog readers. Below you’ll find 7 easy tricks to learn a better Norwegian pronunciation.
- G is often pronounced as “j” in front of y, i and j
- Don’t pronounce “h” in front of v and j
- “O” is often pronounced “å” when it is in front of two consonants.
- Don’t pronounce the “g” in words ending with “lig”
- After a long vowel the “d” is often silent
- Don’t pronounce the “d” in ld and nd.
- “E” is often pronounced as æ
Vi skriver /we write
Vi sier / we say
|Kald, kaldt||Kall, kalt|
|Vind, vinden||Vinn, vinnen|
I’ve been teaching Norwegian for 5 years now and I never get tired of teaching students to use adjectives correctly.
It’s a known fact that native speakers use more adjectives than non-native speakers. So if you want to speak like a native and be able to express precisely what you mean, pay attention.
The reason why I love presenting Norwegian adjective rules to students is because we actually do have rules and if you really understand them – you will never make another adjective mistake again!
Lets start with the main pattern for indefinite
For this example I will use the adjective “fin” which means “fine” or “nice”. So in Norwegian we have three genders, but if you live in Oslo – just make it easy for yourself – use two – it is perfectly correct! So we will use hankjønn (masculine) and intetkjønn (neutral).
En bil (a car)
Et eple (an apple)
If want to say a nice car or a nice apple we have to add “fin”.
En fin bil
Et fint eple
So in masculine the adjective stays the same while in neutral you have to add a “t”. And if you want to say nice cars or nice apples you just add an “e” to the regular form of the adjective making them plurals. That’s right! We have plural adjectives in Norwegian.
To fine biler
To fine epler
So the main rules are
- In masculine the adjective stays the same
- In neutral you add an “t” and in plural you add an “e”
|Masculine singular||Neutral singular||Masculine plural||Neutral plural|
|En fin bil||Et fint eple||Fine biler||Fine epler|
|En rød bil||Et rødt eple||Røde biler||Røde epler|
|En stor bil||Et stort eple||Store biler||Store epler|
- Norwegian adjectives that end with a double consonant, loses one when you add an “t” in neutral
|Masculine singular||Neutral singular||Masculine plural||Neutral plural|
|En trygg by (a safe city)||Et trygt land (a safe country)||Trygge byer (safe cities)||Trygge land (safe countries)|
|En tynn person (a thin person)||Et tynt menneske(a thin human)||Tynne personer(thin persons)||Tynne mennesker(thin humans)|
|En grønn bil(a green car)||Et grønt eple (a green apple)||Grønne biler (green cars)||Grønne epler (green apples)|
- Words ending with “-ig”, consonant + t and nationality words does not get an “t” in neutral.
|Masculine singular||Neutral singular||Masculine plural||Neutral plural|
|En hyggelig by (a nice city)||Et hyggelig land (a nice country)||Hyggelige byer (nice cities)||Hyggelige land (nice countries)|
|En norsk person(a Norwegian person)||Et norsk menneske (a Norwegian human)||Norske personer(Norwegian persons)||Norske mennesker(Norwegian humans)|
|En interessant person(a interesting person)||Et interessant menneske(a interesting human)||Interessante personer(interesting persons)||Interessante mennesker(interesting humans)|
- These Norwegian adjectives end with a double t with intetkjønn nouns.
Fri, ny, grå, blå
Et fritt land (a free country)
et nytt kjøkken (a new kitchen)
et grått hus (a gray house)
et blått bord (a blue table)
- These Norwegian adjectives do not change with any form of the noun.
gratis (free (does not cost anything)
And that’s it! For correct adjective usage in definite form keep checking the blog or submit and get it sent to your email!
Ha en fin dag 😉
Lingu launches an all new online course ’50 hours social studies’. During the course you will learn about Norwegian society, culture, politics, education, labour market and much more. The course combines video lessons, interactive exercises and instructor-led virtual classroom discussions.
The course will be lead in English, and all participants must understand and speak English at an intermediate (B1) level or higher. It is designed for adult immigrants and expats who have the duty to complete 300 hours Norwegian language training and social studies according to the Introduction Act.
Start date: 22 Sep 2014
We are proud to announce an exciting new feature in our online course. After receiving several requests for more conversation practice from our students, we are now making a significant change to our online program.
In stead of individual follow-up with a teacher through correction of exercises and sometimes follow-up conversations, we are now inviting students to participate in a virtual classroom with a teacher and other fellow students. Our experience show that live classes will give you more effective training time than the individual follow-up. It also helps you maintain a progress in the course and not rely solely on personal motivation.
We will cover mainly conversational topics on these courses to complement for the lack of conversation training on the self-study platform. However, also other topics related to the language level will be covered.
We will host online classes every Monday. There will be one session for A1, one for A2 and one for B1 level. Based on the feedback from students during the first month, we plan to increase the number of weekly classes to 3 or 4 per week, at different schedules.
Schedule for the first online class, Monday 21 July 2014:
A1 at 18:00 – 18:40
A2 at 19:00 – 19:40
B1 at 20:00 – 20:40
Instructor: Golara Golizade
Invitations will be sent to the registered students a few hours before the class. You will need to download and install a small software to be able to attend the class. And you need a microphone in order to participate in the class. You can also attend the class via your smartphone or tablet.
Note: The online classes will be recorded. We reserve the right to use and reuse this material for future students and for promotional purposes.
Note 2: If you have had an individual follow-up service with a teacher, this service will cease by the end of the next week.
If you ever wondered how to strike up a conversation with a Norwegian, then here are some useful tips for that.
1. Talk about the weather
Norwegians talk quite a lot about the weather. The weather in Norway (and particularly in the west) changes often, within the same day and from one day to the next, and sometimes this might be hard to bear, without talking about it. There are many jokes and proverbs about the weather. I’m sure you’ve heard this one:
Det finnes ikke dårlig vær, bare dårlige klær!
When translated into English, the rhyme falls out. However the meaning is this: there is no bad weather, only bad clothing!
2. Try some outdoor activities
Norwegians are great lovers of the outdoor, and you will rarely meet one of them who don’t practice an outdoor sport or recreation activity. Cross-country skiing during the winter, and hiking during the warmer seasons, are the sports of the nation. Up in the woods, the Norwegians are less shy and even greet strangers. In the different ski huts close to the slopes you will find an openness and interest in other people that you do not find in the city.
3. Show interest in Norwegian life and culture
Norwegians are very proud of their country and talk a lot about it. They especially like it when visitors show an interest in Norway, the land, its culture and heritage. The one thing that will surely captivate your Norwegians is talking about how your people view Norwegians. Whenever Norway is mentioned in foreign media, their Norwegian counterparts make a huge story on it!
Talk about the misconceptions or stereotypes that is common where you are from. For example, Norway being full of polar bears is a typical misconception. There are no polar bears here, except for the Svalbard Islands.
4. Attend the dugnad
The “dugnad” is one of those activities that glue this society together. When the school, the local sports club, the “borettslag” (housing cooperative) or any other institution organizes a dugnad, it is expected that everyone attends and do their fair share of the work. The tasks are practical and don’t require professional skills, like painting and mowing the lawn.
The dugnad is also a very social activity, and usually involves food and some times also drinks. Here you will get to know your neighbors, which is an accomplishment in itself, especially if you live in the city.
And if all of the above fails, just bring up your smart phone, show this video and you’ll have a great laugh together about the cabin life in Norway.
Outside the borders of Norway, Norwegians are known for being a bit timid and shy. However, when you first get to know a Norwegian he or she will open up and stay your friend for life. Or so the saying goes.
A typical Norwegian is a person of few words, and as a consequence, polite words such as ‘please’ and ‘thank you’ are either not so frequent or non-existent in the Norwegian language. ‘Sorry’ or ‘excuse me’ (“unnskyld”) are also less frequently heard and Norwegians can for such reasons be seen as rude, blunt or impolite.
As illustrated in the following frequently shared image on social media:
In other words, you might be close to turning into a Norwegian when you forget or cannot remember to say please or excuse me.
Other signs that you are turning into a Norwegain:
- You use ”mmm” as a conversation filler
- A sharp intake of breath (“jah”) has become part of your unconcious “vocabulary”
- You know the difference between blue and red ski wax
- You love spending all holidays in a little cabin without electricity and water
- An outside temperature of 9 degrees Celsius is mild in June.
- You get scared when a stranger randomly starts up a conversation with you.
- You start to love your ”matpakke” with bread and brown cheese
- It no longer seems expensive to spend a 100$ on drinks one night.
- You don’t fall over when walking on ice.
- You actually believe there is nothing like bad weather just bad clothing.
And so on and so forth.
Now, do you feel Norwegian?